The goal is to effectively and efficiently support the life cycle of the facility by eliminating unplanned shutdowns and realizing life-cycle cost savings. This effort should be considered in the planning and design phases, and is typically carried out in the construction phase. However, fast track programs can be 'front-end loaded' to meet immediate goals; i.
The efforts of experienced technical writers, editors, engineering technicians, trainers, 3D modelers, illustrators, and software specialists can ensure that an Owner receives comprehensive, site-specific as-builtuser-oriented documentation of the highest quality.
Those selected to perform the work should have the following capabilities:. It's important to the overall facility management program that facilities personnel be properly instructed and motivated. Training should be ongoing to keep pace with technology and equipment changes in the facility.
These can be defined through a Maintenance Plan MP. PM includes adjusting, lubricating, cleaning, painting, and replacing minor components. The purpose of a Maintenance Plan MP is to describe the best means to maximize equipment operational availability, while minimizing equipment downtime. Once developed, the MP will typically identify PM task descriptions and schedules, troubleshooting, corrective maintenance repair task descriptions, and spare parts identification, stockage quantityand any unique storage requirements.
Guidelines & Standards Maintenance
This information will be incorporated in the manual, both as tabular data and text. Preventive maintenance PM data includes equipment tag information, procedures, replacement parts, special tools, lubrication requirements, service providers, warranty information, etc. Construction-Operations Building information exchange COBie —If specified based on the draft guide specificationCOBie facilitates the capture of real-time as-built asset information by using the collection of contractor submittals.
Stretching out the process avoids the tsunami of information at handover. It is important to analyze and evaluate a facility from the system level, then develop procedures to attain the most efficient systems integration, based on as-built information and the Maintenance Program philosophy.
They typically include the following:. The elements of narrative text pdf, html, xml, etc. One caution relative to linking to internet sources is that of security.
The Owner's information technology IT department should be consulted in these instances. Screens can be printed on demand. This in itself may require the performance of a task and skills analysis to ensure that any given facility is staffed appropriately. COBie is a method of capturing information typically required during construction and provided to Owners, typically the same information that is required at project handover.
When system-level manuals are specified, contractors who may not have the capability internally will typically outsource subcontract the effort.
Custom-developed documentation should meet or exceed the Owner's existing or other accepted commercial standards and practices for both format and content.
However, many organizations have developed their own standards which vary from organization to organization. For example the U. All rights reserved. Skip to main content. Figure 1. Participating Agencies.A Standard Maintenance Procedure, or SMP, is a written set of instructions that specifies how a maintenance procedure is to be performed.
It should be specific and detailed enough so that a qualified maintenance technician who has never before performed the task can do so successfully by reading and following the instructions contained in it. Encompassing standards, measurements and specific techniques, the central idea behind an SMP is that there is only one right way to perform any task.
Let me say that again: There is only one safest, most efficient and most effective way to perform any given task. For example, you can lubricate a bearing correctly 99 times in a row, but if you deviate from the SMP during the one-hundredth lube, you run the risk of ruining the bearing and invalidating all of your previous good work.
Try the following experiment. Select five of your best maintenance technicians, and send each of them to lubricate a bearing somewhere at your site. If possible, direct them all to the same type of bearing. Then, check the results. How many different types of grease were used? Were the zerks wiped with a clean rag? How many shots of grease did each bearing receive?
Were the grease guns cleaned and calibrated? Was the grease compatible with the lubricant that was already in the bearings? Did the technicians leave their work areas clean when they finished? You will be surprised at how much variability you discover surrounding this relatively simple procedure.
And, to be blunt, you will be unpleasantly surprised when you discover how many times this procedure was performed incorrectly out of the five opportunities presented.
How much more variability and error do you suppose there is in your more complex procedures? That, in a nutshell, is why you take the time to write an SMP. There are two types of maintenance procedures that must be placed under the SMP umbrella. They will differ somewhat in scope. Developing routine SMPs Routine maintenance procedures—such as a bearing lubrication—are performed over and over again on a regular basis.
The need for a Standard Maintenance Procedure with this type of task is obvious. Remember, if we take care of our smaller details correctly and consistently, our larger functions and processes will for the most part take care of themselves.
To write an SMP for your more routine procedures, you must first decide which of them will provide you with the greatest initial benefit. In the beginning, you should be targeting the most frequently performed tasks in your plant. Good examples of this type of procedure include bearing lubrication, gearbox lubrication, drive belt tensioning, alignments, bearing installation, drive chain replacement, hydraulic hose construction and replacement, wear component replacement and clean oilhandling techniques.Starting inFEMA adopted a new approach to focus on one primary update cycle per year, which occurs in November.
While there may be some smaller, necessary updates that are issued in May, these will occur only on an as-needed basis. When FEMA begins the routine maintenance process for standards and guidance, a maintenance announcement is published detailing the proposed changes. A copy of the most recent announcement can be found at Maintenance Announcement.
Guidance documents include detailed Summaries of Changes. A general list of changes made to components of the guidelines and standards are also provided below in the Diary of Revisions. Risk MAP products are labeled with a version number to indicate which version s of the guidelines and standards were used on those products.
Products are labeled with the version number corresponding to the most recent update to that product. In many cases only a portion of a product is revised, so the version number does not necessarily represent the standards used for the all portions of that product. This provides more granularity regarding which sections were produced using each version of the standards. The table below provides a reference to understand what the version number represents on a given product.
Table 1 defines the four digits of the version number while Table 2 presents common examples of how the version numbers would be applied, however it does not capture every possible version number. All National Flood Hazard Layer NFHL data converted from the database specifications are assigned with "1" to indicate that the data were originally created in the database schema.
When updating a study for a PMR, the study must start with the effective data in the NFHL and match that database format currently or "3". However, for PMRs, the individual features for streams that were not scoped to be updated during the PMR but fall within the PMR footprint would have the second digit remain what is currently coded in the NFHL unless the region has scoped for these streams to be updated fully to the most recent database format.
If the second digit is higher than "1" the LOMR data must be updated based on that version of spec. Digit 3 : Indicates the version of engineering standards applied to the study area and its review. Includes LAMP and several other technical changes. This version update reflects that change.
Also, changes were made to the regulatory quality review QR checklists, reflecting alignment with other recent updates and revisions to the program. SID 5: Converting to a program standard. This ensures that HQ and the Regional office are involved in complicated decisions related to existing floodways during an update.
SID Updating to refine Discovery meeting needs for data, and stakeholder engagement. Standard is being updated from a Program Standard to a Working Standard. SIDs 20, 23, 24, 26 : Updating to refine Discovery meeting needs for data, and stakeholder engagement.
SID 71 : Updating to clarify this SID applies to revised floodways as well as new floodways up or downstream of existing floodways.Preventive Maintenance is the planned maintenance of plant infrastructure and equipment with the goal of improving equipment life by preventing excess depreciation and impairment.
This maintenance includes, but is not limited to, adjustments, cleaning, lubrication, repairs, and replacements. Due to the varying nature of each plant, it is extremely difficult to establish a successful preventive maintenance program without the proper guidelines and instructions. This recommended practice applies to preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment and is not intended to duplicate or supersede instructions that manufacturers normally provide.
Systems and equipment covered are typical of those installed in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multifamily residential complexes. Consumer appliances and equipment intended primarily for use in the home are not included. The purpose of this recommended practice is to reduce hazards to life and property that can result from failure or malfunction of industrial-type electrical systems and equipment.
Chapters 4, 5, and 6 of these recommendations for an effective electrical preventive maintenance EPM program have been prepared with the intent of providing a better understanding of benefits, both direct and intangible, that can be derived from a well-administered EPM program. This recommended practice explains the function, requirements, and economic considerations that can be used to establish such an EPM program.
It will help them determine the types and frequency of tests and inspections to be included. Specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, installation, set-up, operation, maintenance, modification and decommissioning of integrated manufacturing systems.
This technical information paper is to be used as a guide to establish specific plant maintenance checklists. It is a starting point, and modifications will be required to fit specific plant circumstances as dictated by actual machine types, and other local factors.
Covers fundamental principles, safety precautions and common guidelines for preventive maintenance of most industrial control and systems equipment. Intended to supplement more specific maintenance instructions that might be provided for particular product lines, specific products and other NEMA standards and manufacturer publications.
This standard is also available to be included in Standards Subscriptions. Standards Subscriptions from ANSI provides a money-saving, multi-user solution for accessing standards. Subscription pricing is determined by: the specific standard s or collections of standards, the number of locations accessing the standards, and the number of employees that need access.
As the voice of the U. Preventive Maintenance Standards. Back to Manufacturing and Production Standards Home. NFPA 70B NFPA 70B Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, edition This recommended practice applies to preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment and is not intended to duplicate or supersede instructions that manufacturers normally provide.
Available for Subscriptions. PDF Price. ANSI B TAPPI TIP Daily, weekly, and monthly maintenance checklists This technical information paper is to be used as a guide to establish specific plant maintenance checklists. Proceed to Checkout Continue Shopping. Request Proposal Price. Useful Links.Standards-based systems and processes provide distinct benefits when compared to proprietary ones, because standards envelop tried-and-true methods that users can incorporate for their own purposes.
These benefits include interoperability across systems, easier replication and reuse of systems and best practices, as well as technological longevity. Maintenance systems and processes are no exception. They can also instruct professionals on how to create comprehensive checklists of maintenance tasks, as well as on how to structure them into integrated maintenance programs. Standards are useful when applied to technological systems.
For example, they can boost the development of interoperable systems that can exchange data and services to boost the replication of maintenance solutions. Such data exchange and sharing is key to sharing visualizations across stakeholders and supporting new cost-effective ideas for remote maintenance.
Overall, standards-based systems and processes provide a safe path to successful maintenance practices in a highly diverse landscape of different plants, equipment, and processes.
These standards cover both maintenance procedures and systems, including emerging cyber-physical systems that are part of industry digitization. The latter systems have recently expanded the number and scope of maintenance related standards, since they have given rise to processes for collecting, exchanging and processing data.
Given the large number of standards, it would be difficult for one professional to educate himself on all suggested practices. Rather, practitioners tend to selectively focus on limited sets of standards, notably the ones that are suitable for their maintenance tasks at hand. In the following paragraphs, we present five important standards, which maintenance experts should know about. Plant equipment and components are physical assets, and fall under the umbrella of asset management systems and disciplines.
Asset management is about coordinating and optimizing the management of an asset across its whole lifecycle, including selection, acquisition, development, maintenance, renewal and disposal processes.
In addition to outlining asset management processes and their implementation, ISO provides in practice a framework for auditing existing asset management implementations in terms of completeness, while also suggesting improvements to existing processes.
As an example, the Assetivity consulting and training organization has been auditing the asset management processes of Hydro Tasmania i. Efficient data sharing and distribution is at the heart of maintenance systems and processes, including condition-based, preventive and predictive maintenance. Moreover, data interoperability is a prerequisite for exchanging data across different systems, but also for deploying systems in a plug-and-play fashion with minimal integration effort.
The ISO series of standards is beneficial to combine a variety of information. It provides unified and interoperable ways for processing, communicating and presenting data across different maintenance systems and in a vendor-independent way.
ISO consists of four parts, dealing with:. Maintenance companies such as Turbomonitoring list ISO are among the main standards that can be used for collecting and processing vibration data as a means of determining the health status of their machinery, including relevant design faults or damages. Vibration and damage analysis is indeed one of the most prominent applications of ISO Based on an XML compliant model, it enables systems to exchange data electronically, much in the same way the popular EDI Electronic Data Interchange model provides the means for exchanging information between electronic commerce systems and transactions.
This standard is specified as part of Technical Information Paper TIP and provides guidelines for creating maintenance checklists on a daily, weekly or monthly basis.
In practice, maintenance engineers and users are expected to customize these checklists to the needs of their plant taking into account machines, equipment, physical configurations and other characteristics of the plant. Documented research efforts and industrial case studies have underlined the importance of maintenance checklists towards focused and effective maintenance. In earlier posts, we referred to the trend of digitizing industry, including opportunities to leverage the functionalities of the emerging Internet-of-Things IoT and BigData technologies.Many standardisation bodies at international, European or national levels produce maintenance standards, or standards that are directly related to maintenance activities.
Thanks to them a framework is provided for experts to write documents that constitute state of the art in different maintenance areas.
Typically, these standards establish concepts and terminology, methods, techniques, know-how and good practices, etc. These documents represent very valuable sources of knowledge and information available to all the maintenance actors. Unfortunately these documents are not always known because they are produced by different bodies in different countries and on different topics. The European Federation of National Maintenance Societies EFNMS is very involved in maintenance standardisation, and has decided to launch a survey to identify existing standards and classify them according to the areas to which they apply.
The objective of this work is to allow all maintenance professionals to easily identify the standards that can help them find solutions to maintenance problems they are facing. Some private entities can also publish documents, which are also good references, even if they do not have the official status of a standard e. The standards are the result of a consensus between the stakeholders at a given time and they are regularly revised to consider the evolution of concepts, techniques, methods, etc.
The decision to apply a standard reflects willingness to refer to the state of the art of maintenance, but in general it is not an obligation. The IEC Technical Committee 56 Dependability writes standards about maintenance, maintainability and logistics-support applying to all types of equipment and not exclusively to electrical equipment. At European level, the CEN Technical Committee is dedicated to maintenance and comprises several groups working on terminology, qualification of maintenance personnel, maintenance management, performance indicators, documentation, maintenance contracts, maintenance of buildings and infrastructures, methods for condition assessment of buildings, maintenance within asset management, Risk based Inspection, maintenance process.
At national level, each country in Europe has a standardisation institute and some of them produce maintenance standards e. To classify the maintenance standards, a maintenance breakdown in areas and sub-areas was carried out by EFMNS as shown in Figure 1.
For each sub-area themes were listed to clarify their content. Standards have been classified according to sub-areas. Boliden is a metals company operating mines and smelters in Sweden, Finland, Norway and Ireland. Production at the Garpenberg mine comprises complex ore containing zinc, copper, lead, gold and silver. Major expansion plans for the mine with SEK 3. The mill drum rotates at Via a two-stage gearbox, a pinion gear drives the drum itself. To monitor the mill, a total of twenty shock pulse and eight vibration transducers are used, covering the motor, gearbox and drive shafts.
Two RPM probes are mounted on the drive shafts. During the period from January, to October,two serious problems were detected well before any serious consequences. The first incident was a bearing damage found in one of the two gearboxes. The other was a loose gear wobbling gear in the same gearbox. Both of these problems could have caused serious malfunctions with severe economic consequences, had they gone undetected. With its advanced analytics and Internet of Things IoT data, Maximo is a robust platform that has the power to transform how companies manage their physical assets.
Maximo offers insights into asset usage that can lead to better enterprise asset management, extend the lifecycle of assets, improve ROI of assets and increase efficiency.
Preventive maintenance plans are no small feat. This may take you out of your comfort zone, but it will instill peace of mind knowing that your critical assets are covered. Artificial intelligence AI is an umbrella term for a set of technologies in which computer systems are programmed to exhibit complex behaviour in challenging environments.
AI is regarded as the major force driving innovation today. Chemicals plants often have plenty of good data on equipment performance and reliability. A predictive-maintenance program might be the worst way to use it.The online standards review database has been updated to provide greater functionality, offering a single sign in feature with dashboard, so users can easily access and highlight those items that require attention.
The new system reduces staff and volunteer time by allowing committees to do all of their letter ballots in the system, track most committee activity online and download ballot reports.
Access Database Now. General Information and Meeting Minutes. How to Join Project Committees. Project Committee Interim Meetings. International Secretariats and U. Standard This site provides recommended training for participants in the standards development process. This training is being made available here for individual self training purposes. Select the link below for additional information and training presentations. Standards Training. There are interim conference calls as needed.
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ASHRAE Standard establishes a simple means of referring to common refrigerants instead of using the chemical name, formula or trade name. It also established a uniform system for assigning reference numbers and safety classifications to refrigerants. Standards that are on continuous maintenance are continuously updated through addenda and ASHRAE makes these available free online. When it is determined that a published standard, guideline, code, or user's manual contains an error or errors, an errata sheet may be published at the discretion of the Manager of Standards.
A request for interpretation may be either 'official' or 'unofficial' personal. Standards and Guidelines. Share This. Updated and Improved Standards Review Database The online standards review database has been updated to provide greater functionality, offering a single sign in feature with dashboard, so users can easily access and highlight those items that require attention.
Standard Standard Standard Standard Essam Khalil Cesar L. Jonathan Humble, CH Dr.